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資本誤置對中國工業企業技術創新績效的影響:理論機理與經驗證據

批準號71563029 學科分類產業經濟管理 ( G030902 )
項目負責人賴永劍 負責人職稱副教授 依托單位南昌工程學院
資助金額28.00
萬元
項目類別地區科學基金項目 研究期限2016 年 01 月 01 日 至
2019 年 12 月 31 日
中文主題詞中國企業;資本誤置;技術創新績效;企業生產率
英文主題詞china enterprise;capital misallocation ;technology innovation performance;enterprise productivity

摘要

中文摘要 雖然政府采取了積極措施,然而目前中國工業企業技術創新績效仍然較低;本項目根植于中國要素扭曲的背景,試圖從一個獨特視角—資本誤置角度來解答這一具有重要現實意義的問題。本項目首先深入的剖析資本誤置對企業技術創新績效的影響機理,并使用大規模工業企業數據利用HK方法測度資本誤置水平。在此基礎上,本項目巧妙的將簡化式和結構式相結合以考察資本誤置對企業技術創新投入的影響,簡化式擬使用基于貝葉斯估計的Tobit分位數回歸模型;結構式通過構建異質性企業動態競爭均衡模型,并利用矩匹配法校準模型參數,且進行政策實驗以模擬經濟運行狀況。同時,通過精心設計Heckman二步選擇模型、加入條件平均處理效應的傾向匹配得分法、雙重倍差法探究資本誤置對企業技術創新產出的影響效應。預計本項目將有力的推進和拓展要素誤置的理論及實證研究,豐富和深化要素誤置與加總TFP關系的理解,并為政府進一步提高企業技術創新績效提供決策參考。
英文摘要 Although the government have taken a lot of positive policies, however, China's enterprise technology innovation ability are still relatively low. What are the reasons? The project is rooted in the background of Chinese factor distorted, from a unique perspective - capital misallocation of Angle to answer this important question. The first part will use the literature research methods to analyze the influence mechanism of capital misallocation to the enterprise technology innovation performance. Depend on the large-scale industrial enterprise data, the second part of this project intends to use HK method to measure capital misallocation conditions; The third part will combine the reduced form and structured method to research capital misallocation influence on enterprise technology innovation investment, reduced form is proposed to use the based on bayesian estimation Tobit quantile regression model to analysis; Structured form by building heterogeneous enterprise dynamic competitive equilibrium model,and use the moment matching methods to calibrate model parameters, then through policy experiments to simulate the situation of economic operation. The fourth part will carefully design the Heckman two-step selection model, the joinning conditions average treatment effect of the Propensity Score Matching, the double difference-in-differences method to empirical test the effect of capital misallocation to the enterprise technology innovation output. This project is expected to effectively promote and expand misallocation of theory and empirical research, enrich and deepen the understanding of the relation of misallocation and aggregation TFP,And it will provide decision-making reference for the government to further improve enterprise technology innovation performance.
結題摘要

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